No Trust in Trumpland

On the campaign trail, Donald Trump continually talked about having only the best people around him if he was elected president. Now we see how many people have left for a variety of mostly bad reasons. So, there’s one of the promises he smashed to bits.

The White House has a problem on their hands. After they dismissed Omarosa Manigault from the administration, she spent the next nine months writing a book about Trump. The book is titled Unhinged: An Insider’s Account of the Trump White House. I doubt if I will spend the money or take the time to read this book, but there is a brilliant marketing ploy going on here that will damage the Donald more than the book.

16GB Digital Voice Pen Recorder

Omarosa recorded many conversations during her tenure and she’s dropping these little tidbits directly on the head of the reality star in the White House. The first recording that Ms. Manigault released was her firing by General John Kelly. This took place in the Situation Room and it might as well have been CNN’s Situation Room. In what is supposed to be a totally secure area she recorded her dismissal behind closed and locked doors. Then she released a tape of her call to the President where he wouldn’t take the blame for firing her, claiming that Kelly acted on his own. Isn’t that double lying?

She claims she was threatened and asserts that the reason she recorded conversations at her job is because everybody in the White House lies, including the President. She wanted to have a record of what she said. Like Trump’s personal lawyer, Michael Cohen, everyone wanted to protect themselves from the head liar. None of this is surprising, but it does verify how dysfunctional things are in Trumpworld.

One of the best tweets in this Omarosa-gate conspiracy was from Preet Bharara, the former United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York, “It is maybe the accidental self-inoculating genius of Donald Trump that in surrounding himself for decades with hard-core thugs, crooks, charlatans, cheats & liars, if and when they finally turn on Trump their lack of credibility continues to serve Trump.” On the side of clarity, Bharara was told by Trump that he wanted him to stay in his position in the Southern District of New York, but then fired him. That would make Donald Trump a two-faced liar.

Omarosa is playing the race card by calling the President of the United States a racist. Hate to break the news to you, Ms. Manigault, but please tell us something we don’t already know. If we have him on tape saying the N-word I have to ask, is that worse than “grabbing pussy?” We already know that Trump has conned the evangelicals, who would have to take a position if the tape is released, but the far right, especially those who cling to a white Nationalism persuasion, won’t care.

Trump’s disregard for the significance or power of women is notorious. If he thinks he can grab them and they will never grab back, he is mistaken. The network of terror he inflicts on people is usually followed by a cadre of lawyers who go after those people who get in his way. He cannot do that as easily while President. The web of deceit this man and his associates have woven around the truth is an attempt to cut off the air supply to anyone who discredits this fake president.

He doesn’t realize that his deadly game of vengeance could have driven us to war with North Korea, and his misaligned priorities have certainly driven a wedge between the United States and our allies. His angry tantrums and obsessive sickness never to abandon his reckless promises from the campaign have driven us to a real trade war. He could have achieved some of his trade goals without upsetting the apple cart. He will have no answer for the farmers and manufacturers in this country who will be hurt by the tariffs.

Omarosa has certainly gotten Trump’s attention. Look what came out of his silly little hands today (8-13-2018), “Wacky Omarosa, who got fired 3 times on the Apprentice, now got fired for the last time. She never made it, never will. She begged me for a job, tears in her eyes, I said Ok. People in the White House hated her. She was vicious, but not smart. I would rarely see her but heard really bad things. Nasty to people & would constantly miss meetings & work. When Gen. Kelly came on board he told me she was a loser & nothing but problems. I told him to try working it out, if possible, because she only said GREAT things about me – until she got fired! While I know it’s “not presidential” to take on a lowlife like Omarosa, and while I would rather not be doing so, this is a modern day form of communication and I know the Fake News Media will be working overtime to make even Wacky Omarosa look legitimate as possible. Sorry!”

Now I don’t want to give this dingbat that Kelly fired any credibility, but the stupid motherfucker in the Oval office is the reason she was there. He admits that in his tweet. He says she begged for a job and he said, almost referencing that it was against his best judgement (whatever the hell that is), that he hired her anyway. He shows the world that he is a bad judge of character, and that alone should disqualify him from being president.

Omarosa was on the job for a year, well long enough for Trump to know that he had made a mistake. Why did he wait so long? Was it because she is African-American? I don’t know about you, but anyone making $179,000 a year out of taxpayer bucks ought to have a good reason to be there.

Once again, Trump has exposed his incompetence. One might ask what the hell Omarosa did at the White House. Well, she was Director of Communications for the Office of Public Liaison. Now, with each tape she releases she sure is doing her job of liaising with the public. Some say the lady has dozens of tapes in her purse. Keep them coming Omarosa, for this rich tabloid material further proves what a low-life lying son-of-a-bitch Donald Trump really is.


Terms of Trump’s White House

Donald Trump’s most dangerous flaw is there is never any calm in the sea. There is never any normalcy. And while that might be Trump’s trademark in business, being a disrupter in government only makes his task more difficult. There will always be scandals and salacious rumors to handle, but it’s pure incompetence when your own team produces problems.

For those following this story, it’s simple. The FBI is charged with vetting and doing an investigation into anyone who applies for security clearances. Rob Porter, in a sense, failed the test and was granted only a temporary clearance. The long-haired White House lawyer, Don McGahn, knew about it, General Kelly knew about it, but no one with power in this administration stood up and made it clear there was a problem. ONCE AGAIN, THE FBI WAS NOT TAKEN SERIOUSLY. When they accuse someone of wrongdoing, we should all take notice.

Aside from the mainstream media outlets trying to take Retired General John Kelly to the woodshed, there are some serious tribulations of law and order, plus potential blackmail, due to a lack of protocol by the President. This appears more precarious than a private email server; a server which obviously was so damn secure no one seems to know what was on it.

One of the more embarrassing aspects of the Rob Porter dismissal is the fact that he’s having a romantic relationship with Hope Hicks, the White House Communications Director and good friend of the Trump family. After certain facts were revealed, one of the funnier statements from the administration said Hicks “recused herself.” How does a Communications Director recuse herself of anything?

Deputy Press Secretary Raj Shah admitted that Hicks helped draft a supportive statement about Porter from Chief of Staff General John Kelly. So, what is involved in “recusing” on this matter? Are they forced to break up? Are they both sent off the island? Are they allowed to continue their romance while she works in the White House? The old movie Sleeping with the Enemy comes to mind.

Why are so many people being accused of things? Why is there male machismo here which says you can simply deny something that happened with a woman and the world will side with you? Some sources say Porter got encouragement from senior White House officials, including Chief of Staff John Kelly, to “stay and fight.” This Trump-Roy Moore strategy might work with something less emotionally charged but, once again, what women wants to be put through this kind of privacy invasion and abuse from the press? Women in Alabama were the targets of retribution and, just in case you forgot, one of the Roy Moore accusers had her house burned to the ground.

As we move to the next level of this investigation and affair, will there be a tough-guy President reaction with another “You’re fired?” Will Donald Trump, out of loyalty to his girl Hope Hicks, give her some fatherly advice to stay away from an abuser? Will he finally figure out that having people on his team with the same DNA and personal relationships with each other will eventually do him in and hurt our country?

Trump says that when he found out about Rob Porter he was “very sad.” He stated that the man did a good job and worked very hard. Trump wished him well but made no attempt to decry spousal abuse. Instead of saying he believes the wives, he mentioned only that Porter has denied it all. The Roy Moore game plan has become the Donald Trump game plan. This make him complicit, in a sense, and we can only hope that he’s not enabling the behavior.

The FBI should turn over all of its documents and communications on this issue to show they did their job. The ethics lawyers in the government need to step up and start to act responsibly. The laws are on the books for a reason. And if Jeff Sessions was doing his job, he would be advising the White House how they are walking on very thin ice. By the Spring, the ice will melt, and Trump will be deep in the dirty water of the swamp. It’s time for action America.

The First 200 Days Of Trump – ONLY ONE MILLION LEFT

These daily diatribes from a delusional blogger give you a day by day overview of the 45th President’s first two-hundred days in office. Follow Donald Trump through the tough times on his way to impeachment. Kindle Version HERE, or Get the printed book now, CLICK HERE.


New Book about Terrorism

One of the most eye-opening stories about terrorism. The famous cable TV talk show host, Jonas Bronck, leaves New York on his quest to find truth. He finds himself in the middle of terror and personal torment in the name of journalism. He once again asks, If God Could Cry, would he be crying for us, or with us?

Now available on Amazon.







Absentee President Trump

It is amazing to me how disconnected Donald Trump is from in the citizens of America, but it’s even more troubling seeing how unconnected he is with those who work with him every day. If we believe reports, he might be more interested in his teams’ sex lives than whether they received the proper security clearance to be working with classified documents.

The story of Rob Porter, White House secretary, is just another example of this administration’s inability to find the right people, vet them properly and make sure they won’t become a public relations problem. One can get fooled by pedigree and college diplomas, but the FBI knew of Rob’s shortcomings and let the Chief of Staff, John Kelly, know about them. Can you believe the FBI did its job? Hope Hicks, another Trump private dancer, appears to be “involved” with too many of the Trump men and is on the Special Counsel’s radar. Should she also go?

According to CNN, “Senior aides to President Donald Trump knew for months about allegations of domestic abuse levied against top White House staffer Rob Porter by his ex-wives.” Now, no one likes a wife beater, but the grotesque defense of this public figure by those in high places is despicable. Even after we all saw a picture of one of Porter’s wives with a black eye, they continued the soft-shoe routine.

This “nothing-to-see-here” routine has become mighty old. I contend that Donald Trump doesn’t have the principled disciplines of a good business person because he never worked for a public company. In a sense, his private venture businesses made him isolated and ignorant about why good governance is good business. All of his success went to his head, not to a knowledge base he can rely on during today’s challenges.

Trump may want a splashy military parade, but he doesn’t want to admit that, after one year in office, the number of people who had to be shit-canned displays his abundant incompetence. If he wants to put on a uniform and go fight some of these wars that we still wage, he might be able to salvage some credibility. Right now, though, he looks like a little boy playing with his tiny toy soldiers, alone in a room, far, far away.

Rob Porter is just another one on the list of people who follow Trump not because they are gallant patriots but because they, too, have fallen for the con. How do we judge the people who will lie for this man? What will history show about people like Omarosa, Tom Price, Sebastian Gorka, Steve Bannon, Anthony Scaramucci, Reince Priebus, Sean Spicer, Mike Dubke, Michael Flynn and, now, Rob Porter? I predict they will become little footnotes in the story I am now calling The Great American Mistake.

Donald Trump as President is a mistake. As the stock market yo-yos up and down, the leader of the free world appears to be less in control and more out of touch than any president before him. He said, “… what the hell!” at a Prayer Breakfast in Washington. At least he didn’t use the F-word or say “shithole” again. But there is still time for more faux pas and indiscretions. Just like his kids, the Great Orange Leader has achieved the award for most out-of-touch person of the year. Maybe he’ll make the cover of DIPSHIT magazine.

I spoke with a gentleman the other day who works with stocks and trading. We were talking about all the partisan bickering and how it prevents things getting done. And then he said, “I just wish we could get back to moderation on all this stuff.” And I agreed. But with Donald Trump, he doesn’t care about moderating his views. He has no compromise genes in his body.

The true “black eye” on this administration is that fact they don’t listen to other points of view. The Trump Republicans, like sheep, wait to find out what the big guy is going to say before they articulate their positions. Whatever Trump says about the deal, they all align with and defend. When someone does something wrong, there is an unwillingness to simply tell the truth and move on. Any person who refuses to say, “I’m sorry” has a huge character flaw.

John Kelly has become today’s “whipping boy” on the Rob Porter crisis. But why is this even a crisis? As soon as Porter’s erratic and damaging personal conduct was discovered, he should have been eliminated from the team. John Kelly has already shown that he is nothing but Trump’s puppet, and he works every day attempting to fix the behavior of what most of his contemporaries believe is a disastrous human being in command.

This is not Kelly’s fault. Donald Trump probably knew about Porter’s past and simply didn’t think it was important. It’s been documented that Donald Trump has harassed and performed his own sexual misconduct on more than 19 women. Why would he care about what Rob Porter did to his two ex-wives?

The character of the man at the top continues to be exposed, but that doesn’t change anything. This is a President without any core belief system or a genuine need to follow the law. As John Kelly might say, Trump is an empty barrel. Totally absentee and asinine.


The First 200 Days Of Trump – ONLY ONE MILLION LEFT

These daily diatribes from a delusional blogger give you a day by day overview of the 45th President’s first two-hundred days in office. Follow Donald Trump through the tough times on his way to impeachment. Kindle Version HERE, or Get the printed book now, CLICK HERE.


New Book about Terrorism

One of the most eye-opening stories about terrorism. The famous cable TV talk show host, Jonas Bronck, leaves New York on his quest to find truth. He finds himself in the middle of terror and personal torment in the name of journalism. He once again asks, If God Could Cry, would he be crying for us, or with us?

Now available on Amazon.






Trump’s Challenges Come Quickly

There should come a time in a man’s life when he realizes that it’s all bigger than him. And those around him who try to please him should start thinking about what it all means. The mimicry and monotone regurgitation of what the president says, without application of some thinking, is disappointing on an intellectual level.

While General John Kelly was on Fox News trying to explain why the Confederate soldier statues should remain part of American life, another man was executing an attack against Americans in New York City.

John Kelly’s idea that our Civil War was created primarily because of the failure to compromise is the very definition of “false narrative.” The American Civil War was a conflict between states; some wanting to maintain free labor (SLAVES) while other states, loyal to President Lincoln and the American Constitution, wanted to liberate the slaves. The more Kelly speaks, the more he sounds like a Trump puppet, with little foundation in logic and history. Sadly, he is not the adult in the room, just another closed-minded attendee at the day care center.

Once again, the United States of America has been attacked and the debate starts anew. Trump’s morning tweet, predictably, wrongly places blame: “The terrorist came into our country through what is called the ‘Diversity Visa Lottery Program,’ a Chuck Schumer beauty. I want merit based.”

Yes, Mr. Know-It-All President, it’s the Democrats’ fault. We aren’t sure how long it will take before Trump ties Obama to this heinous act but, really, doesn’t this prove that the concept of banning people from certain countries is a total fallacy? And even if we implement a merit based system, how would that stop someone who wants to do harm from getting into our country?

Is it too soon to talk about the Travel Ban? Okay, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan are countries that have had some influence on those who committed terrorist attacks in the USA. However, none of those countries are on the current travel ban. Countries aren’t responsible for terrorism; a radical version of a religion and crazy people carry out terrorism.

Tell me how you are going to keep crazy people from killing us, Mr. President. As you attempt to figure that out, your travel ban does nothing. Quit tweeting and find some smarter people to advise you. You don’t need to honor Confederates any more than you should honor cowards who want to kill us. It would be probably good to mention here that 620,000 soldiers died from combat, accident, starvation, and disease during the Civil War. When people die, we shouldn’t honor the killers.

I spent two years writing a book about terrorism. If God Could Cry, is a fictional work but deeply researched. It explains why terrorism happens around the world by following the experience of a television journalist through one year of facing terror. Donald, I would suggest that you read this book if you would like to gain some knowledge about terrorists and the dogma that drives them.

As the news about a terrorist’s acts of violence using a rental truck in New York broke yesterday (10-31-2017), my heart broke and my mind traveled back to Paris, Nice, London, Orlando and San Bernardino.

I lived in New York when 9/11 took place, and I will never forget my feelings that day. As people grasp for meaning, the “C word” comes up, calling the perpetrators “cowards.” One meaning, a person who lacks the courage to do or endure dangerous or unpleasant things is augmented by a second meaning, excessively afraid of danger or pain. You see, if you believe you are going to heaven where you will be given paradise because you killed an infidel, you probably are not acting like a coward in your mind. Killing another human being doesn’t make you brave or a coward, it makes you immoral.

On the subject of morality, one must look into their own soul to find their moral core. I don’t need or want a president to tell me about God or Cowards or Confederates. I already know what I think about them. Trump isn’t even thinking for himself. He is a bird on the limb of a tree, speaking mindlessly like a parrot. Here’s proof: “Senator Chuck Schumer helping to import Europes (sic) problems” said Col. Tony Shaffer. We will stop this craziness!  @foxandfriends”

Just because our great Orange Leader can quote a talking head on Fox News, that doesn’t make the words right, true or appropriate. Trump has given the keys of the Executive Office to a news network run by an Australian. Now I have nothing against Australians, but you have to be kidding me. Donald chooses to reinforce his dogma by quoting half-baked theories rather than just picking up his damn phone and calling the State Department. He holds his phone in his hand to tweet, but its proper use escapes his feeble mind.

Here’s what President Donald J. Trump must figure out. Is Fox News using him, or is he using Fox News? If The Donald continues to ingest poison, he will slowly lose the ability to think, assuming he ever had that talent in the first place.




Trump’s Inability to Empathize

This past Trump-week was another example of the man’s complete lack of empathy and sympathy for what the human spirit can endure. And, if I may be so bold, the media’s approach to the 45th President of the United States isn’t up to the task. This was a special moment and the media missed a major point of it all.

As I have offered before, there is a feeling of collective guilt that the press didn’t take Donald Trump seriously from the beginning. They covered him as if he was a circus act coming to town. Believing that the show would soon hit the road, they over-promoted the big, fat elephant. Well now, the elephant is here to stay and is stepping on more than your collective toes. (EPA, BANKS, LAWS, TAXES)

The Niger fallen-soldier tragedy this last week was nothing less than depressing and revolting on very many levels. A reporter asked a fair question concerning the lack of mention from our loquacious leader about the attack and the deaths of four brave men. Why hasn’t he mentioned it in twelve days? And the result? Pure defensive bullshit, a hurry up, “let’s do it now” attempt at face-saving, which was a sheer disaster.

When calling the loved ones of the fallen heroes, Donald Trump managed to make it worse. Our great Orange Leader devastated a family in Florida. Yes, we can all agree that Congresswoman Frederica Wilson, who heard the call, was overly emotional. She raged about the words of our Commander in Chief. Some say it was a political move. Well it’s true that she’s a damn politician and that is what politicians do, but she is also a friend of the family.

What happened next highlights my deepest concern with this president. He lied. He lies all the time. Lying is his defense mechanism. When he is confronted or doesn’t know what he is talking about, he simply makes stuff up, “It was Obama’s fault.” Just what an African-American family wants to hear! Trump created a severe problem, and retired General John Kelly stepped in to manage the disaster.

As the Chief of Staff of this administration, many have said that Kelly is the filter of what gets to the President and the manager of those who work in the White House. I am sure he is doing a great job at that. Just look at how many inept people have been sent away. But seeing him fall on his sword for this clown-of-a-president saddened me greatly. My respect for John Kelly hasn’t been diminished by his actions, but they were motivated by his employment and his remarks will always have a tint of politics in them.

I am the son of a Word War II veteran. My father was a Master Sergeant and served in Europe. Even when he and I argued about Vietnam, I never doubted his mission or his service. I am glad his parents didn’t become Gold Star parents, because that would mean I wouldn’t be here. More importantly, my father taught me the most essential lesson, always tell the truth, no matter what.

Now, I want you to read these next words very carefully, General Kelly wasn’t defending the President. His presentation in the press room yesterday (10-19-2017) was a cry for help, a demand for respect. It was a vastly more intellectual approach to what is happening with this president. John Kelly spoke in code, a code that conveys a message totally different from what the media is dishing out.

First, Kelly explained how someone who has never worn a military uniform or fought in a war can understand that experience. It’s clear that he is trying to work with a President that he must teach. In short, he is working with someone who doesn’t know more than the Generals.

Kelly said many things that we need to comprehend. He’s right about what the country has become and how the things that were sacred in his day are no longer so. His code was a message to his boss. Kelly was crying deep inside about the lack of respect for his personal pain. The military ritual of bringing back and burying our dead warriors was pushed into the spotlight by his inept boss. The saddest thing for me is Donald Trump will never understand the code. He should have stopped talking about this incident and should not have USED General Kelly in an attempt to nullify his mistake.

Let’s analyze the Kelly code, “Hey give this Trump guy a break because he doesn’t know what he’s doing.” I’m very proud that John Kelly told the truth and confirmed what Trump actually said on the call. Trump parroted what two generals said to each other during a moment of grief. Generals talk to Generals in a different way than a President should speak to his people. Both General Kelly and Trump made bad judgements on all sides of this issue. When a person has a limited intellectual capacity and a lack of common sense to craft a message for an audience, then someone must write every word for them. Kelly was, in a way, confessing it was his fault for Trump’s actions.

General Kelly told Trump the words he heard when learning of his son’s death, “He was doing exactly what he wanted to do when he was killed. He knew what he was getting into by joining that one percent. He knew what the possibilities were because we’re at war.” These are not the words a grieving mother or wife wants to hear. Trump never spoke the fallen soldier’s name during the conversation, truly horrible.

So, this is over, right? Kelly called a cease fire. No, that won’t work for the orange person is in the Oval Office. Trump decided to lie rather than simply admit said he didn’t convey a proper message. A soldier’s life isn’t a “let the buyer beware” reality. If Donald Trump was a real man, he would publicly apologize for misusing his words. He really should just stop talking about it, but he won’t; he can’t.

This morning, the great Orange Leader tweeted again: “The Fake News is going crazy with wacky Congresswoman Wilson(D), who was SECRETLY on a very personal call, and gave a total lie on content!”

Your obsessive-compulsive nature to continue to lie about the most sacred and sad things guarantees you the top position, Donald. You are the winner. You are Number One. You are the worst President ever!

The First 200 Days Of Trump

These daily diatribes from a delusional blogger give you a day by day overview of the 45th President’s first two-hundred days in office. Follow Donald Trump through the tough times on his way to impeachment. Kindle Version HERE, or Get the printed book now, CLICK HERE.


Trump Has No Discipline

All those people who predicted that Donald Trump would not be fit to be president, were right. And all those people who sit back and say nothing about the risk Trump poses to America should be ashamed of themselves. Bob Corker, the junior United States Senator from Tennessee, has been outspoken about the politics, people and policies of this White House. And for his honesty, he is now the target of a substantial tweet campaign by the Presidential bully.

This was the President of the United States on Twitter this weekend: “Senator Bob Corker ‘begged’ me to endorse him for re-election in Tennessee. I said ‘NO’ and he dropped out (said he could not win without my endorsement). He also wanted to be Secretary of State, I said ‘NO THANKS.’ He is also largely responsible for the horrendous Iran Deal! Hence, I would fully expect Corker to be a negative voice and stand in the way of our great agenda. Didn’t have the guts to run!”

There are many lies and a few exaggerations in his words, but the Donald doesn’t care if anyone knows he’s lying. Trump has weaponized lies throughout his career, and becoming President has not changed his modus operandi. Bob Corker would have made a great Vice President, one who wouldn’t go along with being played like a puppet by the Commander and Chief. The stunt at Lucas Oil Stadium by Mike Pence wasted tons of jet fuel and two perfectly good seats. Spineless Pence really couldn’t be in the stadium with protesters? What a wimp.

While Trump and Pence orchestrated this trick to get NFL protests back into the news, the real focus should have been on what Bob Corker was saying in his tweets over the weekend: “It’s a shame the White House has become an adult day care center. Someone obviously missed their shift this morning.” And the New York Times caught up with Corker to get some additional thoughts: “Senator Bob Corker, the Republican chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, charged in an interview on Sunday (10-8-2017) that President Trump was treating his office like ‘a reality show,’ with reckless threats toward other countries that could set the nation ‘on the path to World War III.’”

When defending Rex Tillerson and the other adults in the administration, Jim Mattis and John Kelly, Corker said those people help separate our country from chaos. And that brings us to most important part of this article.

Why does this President create chaos? Why would someone with so many important priorities, policies and legislative agendas on the line waste his few brain cells on this nonsense?

There is a little quoted statement by Richard Nixon that fits here: “Do you want to make a point or do you want to make a change? Do you want to get something off your chest, or do you want to get something done?” Trump is a lot like Nixon, only not as smart.

Trump is beyond tone-deaf. He psychologically vomits so much that we clearly see his disturbing mental makeup. His staff, his cabinet and his Vice President have all chugged the Kool-Aid and will back him on whatever he says or does, no matter how extreme or ridiculous. Will the Generals? Will the Congress? And, most importantly, will the Supreme Court?

Why do we want a President who spends so much energy on the NFL, rather than focusing on the domestic and global threats? Donald Trump is a dinosaur and we all know what happened to that species. He moves too slowly on vital issues and is distracted by dissent from the least important people. Critical remarks and entertainment control his judgement and lead to the on-going disorder and bedlam. This is more than embarrassing, it’s downright dangerous.

We should read Corker’s words again, “…could set the nation on the path to World War III.” Is this what we want? Trump must go, even at the risk of having a totally weak-willed white guy from Indiana in the Oval Office.